What are they?

In their natural state rare earths are a group of chemically similar elements typically found in refractory minerals and difficult to isolate

Once refined, rare earths are bright silvery metals which possess unique magnetic, luminescent and electrochemical properties.  These properties enable greater efficiency, improved performance, miniaturization, speed, durability, and thermal stability.

rare earths table web

 

WHAT ARE THEY USED FOR?

Rare earths are found in a wide range of products.

  • Permanent Magnets
    Electric and hybrid cars to wind turbines [Pr, Nd, Dy, Tb]
  • Rechargeable Batteries
    Hybrid vehicles, electronic devices and tools [La, Ce, Nd, Pr]
  • Auto Catalysts
    Catalytic converters [La, Ce]
  • Fluid Cracking Catalysts
    FCCs used in the refining of crude oil [La, Ce]
  • Polishing Powders
    Polishing glass, lenses, silicon chips, screens and monitors [Ce]
  • Glass Additives
    Vary properties of glass [Ce, La]
  • Phosphors
    Phosphors for LCDs and colour TVs [Eu, Tb, Y]

 

Rare earth containing products are used in a wide range of industries.

  • Transportation and Vehicles
    Electric motors of hybrid cars and electric vehicles; batteries; catalytic converters.
  • Aerospace and Defense
    Electronic, optical and magnetic applications.
  • Health Care
    Permanent Magnets for medical imaging devices, such as MRIs; modern surgical machines, such as those for robot-assisted surgeries.
  • Clean Energy
    Advanced energy technologies, wind turbines, electric car batteries and energy-efficient lights; fiber optics; magnetic refrigeration.
  • Electronics
    Faster, smaller, and lighter products; color displays; communications and computing devices; smart technology.
  • Chemicals, Oil Refining and Manufacturing
    Crude oil refining; specialty metal alloys.
  • Glass and Ceramics
    Glass and ceramics manufacturing; polishing compounds and glass additives.